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互動社區語言英語口語辦公室實用英語口語
辦公室實用英語口語
時間:2019-07-26
  不知道大家有沒有發現,在收到郵件的時候,結尾都會有電話,以及公司的一些介紹,在郵件中留下聯系和傳真是非常有必要的,對很多中國人而言,這兩個信件結尾(valediction)或奉承話收尾(complimentary closing)似乎沒有什麽區別,是可以隨意互換使用的套話(formulaic phrase),其實不然。它往往需要配合信頭稱呼(salutation)。
  一般包括yours字樣,它是your servant的簡寫。老式結尾比較長(voluminous),例如:
  I beg to remain,Sir,your most humble and obedient servant,
  O.G.
  可以簡寫爲:
  Your obt.svt.
  O.G.
  或進一步簡寫爲:
  YOS
  O.G.
  現代常見結尾方式:
  在英國,這種老式結尾已經被‘Yours sincerely’與‘Yours faithfully’所取代。它們是更老的(archaic)表達‘I am,yours sincerely’的簡寫。如果信件開頭提及收信人(recepient)的名字,並且寫信人(sender/writer)一定程度上認識收信人,那麽使用‘Yours sincerely’;如果不知道對方姓名【例如用‘Dear Mr/Madam’開頭】,那麽需要使用‘Yours faithfully’。如果知道收信人的名字,但沒有見面或沒有說過話,有些人還是喜歡用比較疏遠的(distant)的‘Yours faithfully’,但多數人會使用‘Yours sincerely’。。‘Yours truly’或‘Very truly yours’只在非正式或社會往來信件(social correspondence)中使用,並不常見。
  在美國,社會交往信件通常用‘Yours sincerely’來結尾,而商務信件(business correspondence)中對寫信人不知道姓名的人還是使用‘Yours faithfully’。同時,‘Yours sincerely’還常常被寫作‘Sincerely yours’或‘Sincerely’。‘Yours truly’或‘Very truly yours’也是常見結尾。
  其它結尾方式:
  ‘Yours,etc.’與‘Yours&c.’見于曆史上的書信與美國法律信件(legal correspondence)中。簡奧斯汀(Jane Austen)書中的某些信件也是用‘Yours,etc.’來結束。

  在商務信件中,‘Kind regards’,特別是‘Best regards’越來越常見,主要是電子郵件(email)中的半正式(semi-formal)結束語。非正式情況下,它們也可縮寫爲‘KR’或‘BR’。‘Kindest regards’語氣更正式一些,而‘Kindest regards,I remain’則非常正式。


  如果對方是非常有身份的(dignified)的人【例如(head of state)】那麽可以用老式結尾,例如:
  I have the honour to remain,Sir,Your Excellency‘s most huble and obedient servant.
  還有其它一些非正式結束語,如‘Best wishes’、‘All my best’或‘Best’。對家人和特別密切的人,可以用‘Your friend’、‘Your loving son’或‘Your Richard’【愛人之間】之類的表達方式。
  Foreign Economic Relations&Trade Committee of What City
  Address:地址略-----------------------------------------
  Tel:電話號碼略Fax:傳真號碼略_________________________________________________________________
  To:Ms Jaana Pekkala,Consultant for China Swiss Organization for Facilitating Investments Fax:+41-1-249 31 33
  Total pages of this fax:2
  ________________________________________________
  Dear Ms Jaana Pekkala,
  We understand from The Swiss Business Guide for China that your organization is helping Swiss firms in seeking opportunities of investing in China and business cooperating with Chinese partners.To establish business relations with your organization and attract Swiss companies'investment here in What,We write to introduce our city,the city of What,as one of the open cities in Liaoning Province,China and also ourselves,Foreign Economic Relations&Trade Committee of What,as a What government initiative to facilitate business relationship with foreign companies.
  Our committee provides advice and assistance to What firms seeking to export their services,goods to foreign areas and import goods and services abroad.We also assist Whatfirms in establishment of joint ventures and carry the procedures for examination and approval of joint ventures and foreign sole investment firms.Our Committee can provide What companies with information on the world market and specific commercial opportunities as well as organize trade missions,seminars and business briefings.
  Our committee facilitates and encourages investment from other countries into targeted sectors of What economy and maintains active promotion of What through its network of contacts in domestic and abroad areas.
  Nowadays,we are seeking foreign investment in the field of capital construction,such as improving of tap water system and highway construction.Also,we are setting up a tannery zone in Tong'erpu,the largest leather clothes producing and wholesaling base in North China.We invite Swiss companies with most favorable polices to set up their firms in any form on tanning,leather processing and sewage treatment.
  Any information on investment projects into What and on business cooperation with firms in What is highly appreciated and will be pass on to anyone who have approached us with interest in similar project.You are also invited to our city for investigation and business tour.
  Should you have any questions,please fell free to contact us.
  Thank you for your attention and looking forward to your prompt reply.
  Sincerely yours,
  Qiming Di
  Commercial Assistant
  For Foreign Economic Relations&Trade Committee of What City.
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